The effects of smoking on your oral health
Besides the connection between tobacco and stroke, heart disease, cancer (particularly throat and lung cancers) and emphysema, smoking and your oral health can be effected by the following health problems:
- Tooth discoloration
- Bad breath
- Inflammation of the mouth gland openings on the mouth’s roof
- Delayed healing process after periodontal treatment, tooth extraction, or oral surgery
- Increased plaque buildup and tartar formation on the teeth
- Lower rate of success of dental implant procedure
- Higher chances of developing cancer
- Increased bone loss within the jaw
- Greater risk for developing gum disease
- Increased chances of developing leukoplakia
Smoking and Gum Disease
Smoking affects the attachment of soft tissue and bone to the teeth, leading to gum disease. Smoking affects the normal functioning of gum tissue cells, making smokers vulnerable to infections like periodontal disease. Moreover, smoking can impair blood flow to your gums, which might affect wound healing.
According to a research, tobacco might restrict the flow of blood to the gum tissue, limiting the nutrients essential to the bone as well as periodontal support of the teeth. Smokers experience certain events in their mouth that eventually result in tooth loss. At first, smoking starts with the formation of plaque on the teeth, which causes tartar build-up, which leads to gingivitis. Gingivitis, if left untreated, develops into periodontal disease, which results in tooth loss.
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