Periodontists are dentists who specialize in preventing, diagnosing, and treating periodontal disease. Moreover, most periodontists are experienced in placing dental implants as well. A qualified periodontist can treat oral conditions characterized by inflammation in the mouth. As part of their dental training, periodontists learn about the most advanced techniques for the diagnosis and treatment of periodontal disease. This is why, they are highly capable of providing safe and effective cosmetic periodontal treatment.
Typically, periodontists treat problematic periodontal conditions, including mild to severe cases of gum disease. In addition to offering a variety of treatment options like root surface debridement or scaling and root planing, periodontists use various surgical procedures as well. Periodontists are also trained in placing and repairing dental implants.
During the initial visit, most periodontists review the complete medical as well as dental history of the patient. It is very important for periodontists to know if any medications are being taken or if the patient is experiencing conditions such as heart disease, pregnancy or diabetes. After this, the periodontist performs an examination of the gums, detecting any signs of gum line recession while assessing how the patient's teeth fit together when biting. The periodontist further takes a small measuring instrument known as a probe and places it between the teeth and gums in order to evaluate the depth of periodontal pockets, thereby allowing the periodontist to properly assess the patient's gum health. Dental x-rays may also be required for observing the patient's bone health.
Who Needs Periodontic Help?
While most dental problems can be managed by the general dentist, it is best to consult a periodontist for the treatment of periodontal disease, which is often associated with other chronic diseases. In most cases, dentists and periodontists work together to help patients with mild or severe levels of periodontal disease.
What Is Gum Disease?
Gum disease is a common dental problem, which mostly affects adults. However, the condition can occur at any age. The disease usually develops gradually and without causing any discomfort or pain. In some cases, the patient may not notice any signs until the condition becomes worse and he/she is at risk of losing teeth. The disease often starts with gingivitis (gum inflammation), which is followed by the actual gum disease (periodontitis). However, gingivitis doesn’t always progress to periodontitis.
In the early stage of gum inflammation, bacteria start building up, thereby causing the gums to become inflamed and bleed while the teeth are being brushed. Although gum inflammation may lead to gum irritation, the teeth are still firmly placed in their sockets. Early stages aren't characterized by irreversible tissue or bone damage.
Fortunately, gum disease is preventable and treatable. The condition can even be reversed, if detected early. One of the most important jobs of a periodontist is to treat gum disease. Therefore, it is important to have an understanding of the signs and symptoms of this disease, and individuals experiencing these signs should consult an experienced periodontist.