There are a number of medications the dentist may prescribe, depending on the condition of the patient. Some medications are prescribed to fight certain oral diseases certain oral diseases, to prevent or treat infections, or to control pain and relieve anxiety. It is necessary for a patient to communicate all dental signs and symptoms to the dentist so that appropriate management and choice of medications can be made.
There are medications used to control pain and anxiety. Local anesthesia, general anesthesia, nitrous oxide or intravenous sedation is commonly used in dental procedures to help control pain and anxiety. Other pain relievers include prescription or non prescription anti inflammatory medications, acetaminophen and anesthetics.
Anti- inflammatory medications are used to relieve the discomfort and redness of mouth and gum problems. Corticosteroids are available by prescription only and are available as pastes. The dentist may recommend a non prescription anti inflammatory drug to relieve mild pain and swelling caused by dental appliances, toothaches and fevers.
Also, dental anesthetics are used in the mouth to relieve pain or irritation caused by many conditions, including toothache, teething, and sores in or around the mouth (such as cold sores, canker sores, and fever blisters). Also, some of these medicines are used to relieve pain or irritation caused by dentures or other dental appliances, including braces. Anesthetics are available either by prescription or over –the- counter and come in many dosage forms including aerosol spray, dental paste, gel, lozenges, ointments and solutions. Anesthetics used for tooth pain should not be used for a prolonged period of time; they are prescribed for temporary pain relief until the toothache can be treated. Denture wearers using anesthetics to relieve pain from a new denture should see their dentist to determine if an adjustment to the appliance is needed to prevent more soreness.
There are also medications which are used to prevent tooth decay. It is available on non prescription basis such as in toothpastes. It is absorbed by teeth and helps strengthen teeth to resist acid and block the cavity- forming action of bacteria. As a varnish or a mouth rinse, fluoride helps reduce tooth sensitivity.
Antibiotics that are used to relax muscles may be prescribed to reduce stress to help you stop grinding your teeth and to treat temporomandibular joint disorders. Anti fungals are prescribed to treat oral thrush.