Sore Throat: Is it Strep Throat, Tonsillitis or Just Cold? Part III

Tonsillitis

Tonsillitis is an infection of the tonsils that is also associated with the symptoms of sore throat. Many types of bacteria or viruses can produce this infection. Tonsils are part of the immune system and are responsible for fighting infections. When they become infected, the condition is known as tonsillitis, which is characterized by a painful throat and other symptoms.

Symptoms and Signs of Tonsillitis

Sore throat is the first symptom that is accompanied by nasal congestion, and other symptoms. The list of common symptoms of tonsillitis includes:

Some less common symptoms are:

Diagnosis of Tonsillitis

Tonsillitis is usually caused by bacterial infection and to find out the actual cause, a throat swab is collected and sent to the pathological laboratory for culture examination. It is a painless procedure in which a cotton swab is wiped over the surface of the tonsils and the back of throat. The result of the examination is obtained within a couple of days and can help in determining the presence or absence of bacteria. If the bacteria are found, it confirms the diagnosis of tonsillitis or strep throat.

Treatment of Tonsillitis

The treatment of tonsillitis consists of rest, pain and fever relieving medicines, soothing of sore throat, antibiotics and surgery when required.

Tonsillitis caused by viruses is self-limiting, gets better within a week, and does not require the use of antibiotics.

Generally the treatment of tonsillitis is as follows:

 

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