Cosmetic bonding or tooth bonding is basically a dental procedure that involves using a composite resin to serve various cosmetic and structural purposes. Experts often say that it wouldn't be wrong to compare dental bonding materials to the clay of a sculptor. With the use of composite resin bonding, dentists aim at restoring teeth that are chipped or broken while filling in gaps between teeth as well as enhancing the patient's smile.
What is Cosmetic Bonding?
During this process, fillings of composite resin applied to the back and front of teeth. Composites are actually special solutions that promote restoration of decayed teeth, so that cosmetic improvements can be made and teeth can be reshaped. People looking forward to options for lightening stains on teeth, closing gaps between teeth and fixing crooked teeth seek the help of this dental procedure. The application of thin plastic coating on the front surface helps in hiding any flaws in the appearance of teeth. Once this is done, bonding materials are applied and sculpted, colored and eventually shaped to produce a satisfactory result. The plastic is then hardened by a high-intensity light with the surface being eventually polished.
Even though, traditional silver fillings tend to last about 6-7 years, the composites used in the bonding procedures can have a life of up to 11 years.
Which Bonding Strategy Would Your Dentist Choose?
Your dentist will decide on the appropriate dental bonding strategy based on your dental health condition, considering the area that needs to be corrected. In cases where smaller corrections are needed, the bonding procedure can be completed in a single visit with the colour-matched filling being bonded to the tooth for maximum strength. However, when corrections are required at a larger scale, the procedure typically requires two visits. This procedure involves developing a mould of the teeth and positioning a temporary filling. A highly durable filling is later developed at the dental lab for fitting the mould made from the patient's teeth. Usually, porcelain-based fillings are used for this procedure and the custom-fit fillings are then bonded to the tooth on the patient's next visit.
About The Procedure
The process involves the application of a moderate etching solution to the teeth for the purpose of creating slight crevices in the enamel structure of the tooth. The small crevices offer a comparably rough surface allowing the resin to bond materials to the patient's teeth. After this, resin is positioned on the patient's tooth with high-intensity light bonding the resin onto the tooth's surface. Following the application of the last coat, the material is sculpted for fitting the patient's tooth, after which it is finally polished.